ELM Baseline Assessment of Children and Caregivers in Ethiopia

Ethiopia | 2015 | Save the Children

This dataset includes data from 497 children and caregivers in Afar and South Omo provinces of Ethiopia. The average age of children was 5.2. This data was collected in May 2015 as a part of a baseline assessment of an implementation of Save the Children's Early Literacy & Math program.

Explore the Data: IDELA Domains and Equity

IDELA Domains and Equity

Average learning and development scores in IDELA domains

On average, children scored 37% correct on the IDELA assessment.

Distribution of Total IDELA scores

While some children showed mastery of early learning and development skills, half of all children scored between 21-40% correct.

Distribution of children’s ages

Most children in the sample were five or six years old.

Average IDELA scores by child’s age

On average, one additional year was associated with an additional 7 percentage points correct in overall IDELA score.

Distribution of children’s gender

55% of children in the sample were female. There were no significant differences in Total IDELA scores by gender.

Home Learning Activities

Caregivers are asked about the types of learning activities they engaged in with their children in the past week. For example, caregivers are asked questions about whether they read stories to their child, taught letters or numbers, and/or sang songs with their child. Home learning activities provide stimulation which can help children reach their full developmental potential.

How many types of learning activities did caregivers engage in with children in the last week?

Fewer than 50% of caregivers engaged in more than four types of learning activities with their children within the last week. A large minority (15%) reported that they had done no learning activities with their child in the last week. While we often see a relationship between learning activities and development, we did not observe a significant relationship in this dataset.

Learning Materials in the Home

Caregivers were asked about the types of reading materials and toys they had in the home. For example, caregivers were asked if they had storybooks, puzzles, and/or toys that children could practice counting with. Toys and reading material provide a stimulating environment for children to explore, which can help boost early learning and development.

How many types of reading materials and toys do children have at home?

Over half of all children had one to three types of reading materials and toys in the home. Less than 40% of children had greater than four types. A small number (8% of children) had no reading materials or toys at all in the home.

Do children with more types of learning materials have stronger early learning and development?

We observed a significant positive relationship between Total IDELA score and the number of learning materials available in the home. An additional learning material in the home was associated with a 0.7 percentage point greater Total IDELA score.


Caregivers are asked about the types of possessions that they own. The exact types of possessions asked about is contextual. For example, caregivers may be asked if they have a mobile phone, a bicycle, and/or electricity in the home. While not directly impacting early learning and development, children from wealthier families often have more opportunities.

How many types of possessions do families own?

Most caregivers reported owning one to three types of possessions, but a small number (7%) indicated that that they did not own any of the types of possessions.

Do children from wealthier families have stronger early learning and developmental outcomes?

We observed a significant relationship between Total IDELA score and the number of types of possessions a family owned. For each additional type of possession a caregiver reported owning, we predict a 1.1 percentage point higher Total IDELA score.